Streaming carbon footprint is estimated to be around 55 grams of CO2 equivalent per hour, according to various sources. Another study suggests the carbon footprint per hour of video streaming is 36g/hr. For the period between 2015 and 2022, we will compensate for the number of streams multiplied by 2 minutes, based on the higher estimate of 55 grams of CO2 per hour. Starting from 2023, we will rely on the annual input received from Spotify to determine the stream-based compensation (source) (source).
Once you downloaded a song the amount of greenhouse gasses emitted is far less for each additional play than if you continue to stream it from the cloud. So best to download songs you (intend) to listen often (source).
While streaming, it is important to consider the device used for streaming, such as a phone, computer, TV, or Sonos system. We assume that these devices are not exclusively purchased for listening to our music and are utilized for various purposes. Therefore, we have not included them in our CO2 compensation plan. To reduce environmental impact, it is advisable to stream less frequently, prioritize streaming on a phone rather than a 4K TV screen, and extend the lifespan of your devices instead of replacing them every two years.